以致大气樵采和军事行动产生的水土流失也不可忽略

RESEARDONSOLIEROSIONANDPROTECTIONMEASUREAGAINSTITINEHTSONTHERNMOUNTAIOUSAREAINTHEQINGDYNASTY清代在巨大的人口压力下,对南方山区的自然资源过度开发,由是产生了严重的水土流失现象。本文分析了造成水土流失的人为原因:砍伐林木垦荒和陡坡种植扩大耕地是水土流失加剧的主要原因,手工业和采矿业的发展,以及大量樵采和军事行动造成的水土流失也不可忽视。文中还揭示了水土流失的严重危害,总结了山区采取的各种水土保持措施。提出要“以史为鉴”,山区开发应走生态系统、经济系统、社会系统协调持续发展的道路。Undertheimmensepopulationpressure,serioussoilerosionemergedbecauseoftheover-exploitationofnaturalresourcesintheSouthemmountainousareasintheQingdynasty.Theantherpointsoutthatfellingtreesforcultivatingwastelandandplantingatsteephillsarethethiefreasonsofsoilerosion,andatthesametimethedevelopmentofhandicraftandminingaswellastree-choppingandmilitaryactivitiesshouldnotbeneglected.Thepaperalsorevealsitsseriousdamage,summarizesvariousmeasuresofsoilconservation,andproposesthatthedevelopmentofmountainousareasshouldtakeaconcertandcontinuousrouteofecosystem,economicsystemandsocialsystem.西汶艺术网[
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